Ehcache配置详细解释

信息发布:soゝso 发布日期:2016-11-21 17:36 热度:456 分享到:

因为现在要发布一个Ehcache版本的shiro demo,故把这个配置文件的配置项具体意义详细解释。方便更快的了解Ehcache和Shiro 。

<!--timeToIdleSeconds 当缓存闲置n秒后销毁 -->
<!--timeToLiveSeconds 当缓存存活n秒后销毁 -->
<!--
缓存配置
       name:缓存名称。
       maxElementsInMemory:缓存最大个数。
       eternal:对象是否永久有效,一但设置了,timeout将不起作用。
       timeToIdleSeconds:设置对象在失效前的允许闲置时间(单位:秒)。仅当eternal=false对象不是永久有效时使用,可选属性,默认值是0,也就是可闲置时间无穷大。
       timeToLiveSeconds:设置对象在失效前允许存活时间(单位:秒)。最大时间介于创建时间和失效时间之间。仅当eternal=false对象不是永久有效时使用,默认是0.,也就是对象存活时间无穷大。
       overflowToDisk:当内存中对象数量达到maxElementsInMemory时,Ehcache将会对象写到磁盘中。
       diskSpoolBufferSizeMB:这个参数设置DiskStore(磁盘缓存)的缓存区大小。默认是30MB。每个Cache都应该有自己的一个缓冲区。
       maxElementsOnDisk:硬盘最大缓存个数。
       diskPersistent:是否缓存虚拟机重启期数据 Whether the disk store persists between restarts of the Virtual Machine. The default value is false.
       diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds:磁盘失效线程运行时间间隔,默认是120秒。
       memoryStoreEvictionPolicy:当达到maxElementsInMemory限制时,Ehcache将会根据指定的策略去清理内存。默认策略是LRU(最近最少使用)。你可以设置为FIFO(先进先出)或是LFU(较少使用)。
       clearOnFlush:内存数量最大时是否清除。
--> 

下面是官方的shiro-all.1.2.5.jar中Ehcache配置文件:

<ehcache>

    <!-- Sets the path to the directory where cache .data files are created.

         If the path is a Java System Property it is replaced by
         its value in the running VM. The following properties are translated:

            user.home - User's home directory
            user.dir - User's current working directory
            java.io.tmpdir - Default temp file path
    -->
    <diskStore path="java.io.tmpdir/shiro-ehcache"/>


    <!--Default Cache configuration. These will applied to caches programmatically created through
    the CacheManager.

    The following attributes are required:

    maxElementsInMemory            - Sets the maximum number of objects that will be created in memory
    eternal                        - Sets whether elements are eternal. If eternal,  timeouts are ignored and the
                                     element is never expired.
    overflowToDisk                 - Sets whether elements can overflow to disk when the in-memory cache
                                     has reached the maxInMemory limit.

    The following attributes are optional:
    timeToIdleSeconds              - Sets the time to idle for an element before it expires.
                                     i.e. The maximum amount of time between accesses before an element expires
                                     Is only used if the element is not eternal.
                                     Optional attribute. A value of 0 means that an Element can idle for infinity.
                                     The default value is 0.
    timeToLiveSeconds              - Sets the time to live for an element before it expires.
                                     i.e. The maximum time between creation time and when an element expires.
                                     Is only used if the element is not eternal.
                                     Optional attribute. A value of 0 means that and Element can live for infinity.
                                     The default value is 0.
    diskPersistent                 - Whether the disk store persists between restarts of the Virtual Machine.
                                     The default value is false.
    diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds- The number of seconds between runs of the disk expiry thread. The default value
                                     is 120 seconds.
    memoryStoreEvictionPolicy      - Policy would be enforced upon reaching the maxElementsInMemory limit. Default
                                     policy is Least Recently Used (specified as LRU). Other policies available -
                                     First In First Out (specified as FIFO) and Less Frequently Used
                                     (specified as LFU)
    -->

    <defaultCache
            maxElementsInMemory="10000"
            eternal="false"
            timeToIdleSeconds="120"
            timeToLiveSeconds="120"
            overflowToDisk="false"
            diskPersistent="false"
            diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120"
            />

    <!-- We want eternal="true" and no timeToIdle or timeToLive settings because Shiro manages session
         expirations explicitly.  If we set it to false and then set corresponding timeToIdle and timeToLive properties,
         ehcache would evict sessions without Shiro's knowledge, which would cause many problems
        (e.g. "My Shiro session timeout is 30 minutes - why isn't a session available after 2 minutes?"
               Answer - ehcache expired it due to the timeToIdle property set to 120 seconds.)

        diskPersistent=true since we want an enterprise session management feature - ability to use sessions after
        even after a JVM restart.  -->
    <cache name="shiro-activeSessionCache"
           maxElementsInMemory="10000"
           overflowToDisk="true"
           eternal="true"
           timeToLiveSeconds="0"
           timeToIdleSeconds="0"
           diskPersistent="true"
           diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="600"/>

    <cache name="org.apache.shiro.realm.text.PropertiesRealm-0-accounts"
           maxElementsInMemory="1000"
           eternal="true"
           overflowToDisk="true"/>

</ehcache>


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